seasonal (monsoon season) values exhibit these changes, suggesting that The underlying causes of deforestation in Pakistan need the attention of government authority to resolve these causes, implementing strong rules regulations in order to mitigate the adverse impacts of deforestation and save this ecosystem. Deforestation 2. Pakistan has different climatic zones, several ecological zones, and various soil profiles and has a distinctive biodiversity. surface energy and moisture budgets. The post reform period is observed with the population dummy variable (POPDUM) reflecting that population growth has increased significantly during the said reform period. The results of bounds test show that there is a stable long-run relationship between population, poverty and pollution in Pakistan. Keywords: Deforestation, Causes… Environment-friendly and nature compatible methods are preferred to keep the population of pests at low levels. In experiments wherein only I. sexdentatus adults were used as prey, as the number of predators increased up to three individuals, the weight losses of prey caused by the predator increased. These modifications can alter the ABSTRACT The steep slopes of the Siwalik range of east central Nepal is often susceptible to landslides and flash floods (Green, 2010) . In addition, wastelands are now being used by people for orchards, agriculture and residential and commercial building. However, the negative role of forest department as they do not have proper management and check balance on these forests should not be neglected in deforestation. Data is analyzed using Ordinary Least Square (OLS) regression method and Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL)-bounds testing approach to examine the linkage. Urbanization, farming, overgrazing, tourism development and timber mafia are the main reasons for deforestation. Frequent occurrences of landslides are becoming common feature in Upper Beas Basin. Introduct For example, the loss of forest cover influences the climate and reduces biodiversity, while reduced timber supplies, siltation, flooding, and soil degradation affect economic activity and threaten the livelihoods and cultural integrity of forest-dependent people. Forestry can contribute to The deadline of the scholarship is . This study was designed in order to find out the causes and impacts of deforestation and forest degradation in District Swat, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan, by incorporating the view of local people through a questionnaire. food security, provide resource safety nets and sometimes enterprise opportunities where little else Deforestation is the full or largescale removal of a forest, or areaof tress, in order to clear land forhuman development.Deforestation”is the direct or indirect human-induced conversion of forestedland to non-forested land These changes would then be further modulated or enhanced by the regional circulation. The irrigated plantations have served mainly as ‘energy plantations’ so far and this role is likely to decline in the future. Concern is rising over the deleterious effects of tropical deforestation. The results of this study indicate that local fuelwood collection is not the main cause of deforestation. maximum possible range of changes due to deforestation. Moreover, economic growth and energy consumption Granger cause deforestation. However, the state of ecohydrological responses highlight that human-induced ecological changes can be largely proved at the microwatershed level. the great drivers of biodiversity loss. Unemployment and poverty also plays a key role in forest degradation. 1 Deforestation: Causes, Effects and Control Strategies Sumit Chakravarty 1, S. K. Ghosh 2, C. P. Suresh 2, A. N. Dey 1 and Gopal Shukla 3 1Department of Forestry 2Pomology & Post Harvest Technology, Faculty of Horticulture Uttar Banga Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Pundibari 3ICAR Research Complex for Eastern Region, Research Center, Plandu Ranchi India 1. existing spatial and temporal patterns of temperature and precipitation. Increasing anthropogenic activities along the slopes in the mountain areas have altered the existing land use pattern posing risk from different hazards. Power from the Trees: How Good Forest Governance can Help Reduce Poverty, Analysis of Myths and Realities of Deforestation in Northwest Pakistan: Implications for Forestry Extension, Fuelwood, Timber and Deforestation in the Himalayas, Rethinking the Causes of Deforestation: Lessons from Economic Models, Climate, Water and Agriculture in the Tropics, The Climatic Effects of Deforestation in South and Southeast Asia, Sedimentological and Sequence Stratigraphic Assesment of the Cretaceous Strata, Eastern Sulaiman Ranges Pakistan, Structural style and evolution of the Eastern Sulaiman Foldbelt, Slope Vulnerability, Landslide, and Geohazards: Investigation and Mapping in Western Himalaya, Integrated Approach of Riverbank Conservation: A Case Study. data. 7.1 Evolution of Forest Management in Pakistan 19 7.2 Status of Sustainable Forestry in Pakistan 20 8 Mangroves of Pakistan 20 9 Riverine Forests and their status 22 10 Top ten most forested districts of Pakistan 23 11 Deforestation in Pakistan 23 12 Medicinal … livelihoods and provided other socio-economic, knowledge of the local populations o. of deforestation and its geological impressions. Thus, some agricultural land has been encroached on by orchards. This present paper attempts to analyze myths and realities regarding deforestation in the North West Frontier Province (NWFP) of Pakistan. 9. Sodienye A. Abere and Jacinta A.Opara (2012): Deforestation and Sustainable Development in the Tropics: Causes and Effects. Fig. Asia. The results of this study indicate that local fuelwood collection is not the main cause of deforestation. The study aims to determine the nutritional behavior and predation rate of predator species by using different species, biological stage and numbers of prey. It is imperative that more economical mechanized methods of land clearing be developed for small- and medium-sized farms. movement of rock or soil as landslide occurs. Govt or NGO Campaign for afforestation, Fig. Experts estimates that environmental degradation may cost Pakistan’s economy over Rs.365 billion every year of which inadequate water supply, The post reform period is observed with the estimated coefficient of the poverty dummy variable (POVDUM) which shows that poverty in Pakistan has increased due to deprived performance of federal policies on pro-poor reforms in Pakistan. The unprecedented growth in population is putting extremely high pressure on the limited land available for cultivation. Cutting of trees brings sudden changes in temperature. Pakistan is suffering from high forest degradation and deforestation rates, bringing down its forest reserves from 5 to 2.5%. control factors of slope movements, any variation in land cover pattern may determine changes in landslide distribution. Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Pakistan lost an average of 42,000 ha or 1.66% per year. that prevent forests and trees from contributing to the livelihoods of poor people and to support The remaining forests are very diverse in nature and of significant importance for the country’s economy and livelihoods of the local people. Decades of deforestation in Pakistan, (PDF) particularly in the Swat Valley, have left the landscape less able to absorb moisture. There is also an uncertain correlation between anthropogenic activities (deforestation) in the mountains and hazards in the plains such as floods. What is needed is for national and international governance frameworks to take a lead from local Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. initiative and convert laudable intentions into some practical action. forest for the latter. Authors IUD and AB managed the analyses of the study. Policy guidelines (implications) are suggested for improving the effectiveness of forestry extension services. The main causes behind the flash floods is deforestation, open grazing in the riverbanks and forest areas, and extensive use of the river resources. The study area is the Rivo Basin which is located in Molise (Southern Apennines of Italy), a region severely affected by landslides. Land use and agricultural practices. deforested and forested runs all land-use categories other than water dominant causes of deforestation and inﬂuence the relevant actors responsible for forest loss (Weatherley-SinghandGupta2015,Hendersetal2018).Inaddition, ... Deforestation driven by timber plantations peaked in 2010–2012, while deforestation driven by other large-6. The most alarming threat to the forest are human being, their actions results transformation of forest lands representing one of the excessive forces in worldwide ecological change and one of The intensive use of forest wood for household needs (cooking, heating, timber etc.) local evapotranspiration in South Asia, demonstrating the importance of By investigating the relationship between the spatial pattern and distribution of past land cover settings and location factors (as elevation, slope, distance to settlements), we were able to calibrate a land cover change model to simulate future scenarios.