It is a measure of the variety of organisms present in … Biodiversity provides many goods and services essential to life on earth. We in turn depend on … Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Biodiversity provides ecosystem services, food, medicines and natural products, economic benefits and natural beauty. Free Ecology / Environmental Science PPT (Power Point Presentation): Classification, Measurement & Importance of Biodiversity PPT It includes organisms from Earth’s vastly different ecosystems, including deserts, rainforests, coral reefs, grasslands, tundra, and polar ice caps. Without photosynthesis, the carbon cycle could not occur, oxygen-requiring life would not survive, and plants would die. Likes. Biodiversity supports human and societal needs,including food and nutrition security, energy, development of medicines and pharmaceuticals an… ETC Group on COVID, data giants, the food system and community responses 21 May 2020. What is biodiversity? But bear in mind that biodiversity is more than just species. Conservation of biological diversity leads to conservation of essential ecological diversity to preserve the continuity of food chains. Describe the benefits to human health of maintaining biodiversity. The current high rates will cause a precipitous decline in the biodiversity of the planet in the next century or two. It provides a legal framework to protect and manage nationally and internationally important flora, fauna, ecological communities and heritage places - defined in the Act as matters of national environmental significance. This article gives an overview of biodiversity, their types, threats and conservation measures. Importance of Biodiversity Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. For most people, it does not just mean freedom from illness, but a state of overall social, emotional, physical, spiritual and cultural welfare. The addition of rare species with one individual will fail to change the index. Biodiversity ConservationProtected areas are an essential part ofconservation programs. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Biodiversity is important to people because we depend on other species and the ecosystems they create. Through biodiversity, living organisms are able to acquire food and other important resources to sustain their lives. Distribution of Biodiversity 4. 5.3 Importance of Biodiversity The Biodiversity Crisis. Who Prepares the PBR ? It is, therefore, important to ascertain which index has actually been used in any comparative studies of biodiversity. Humansdepend on plants and animals for food, clothing,energy, medicine and shelter. Health is our most basic human right. Biodiversity conservation is important because biodiversity provides certain services and resources that are essential for life on earth. Maintaining biodiversity ultimately helps maintain of human health; many medicines are derived from plants and, recently, animal toxins. Key Takeaways Key Points. The importance of biodiversity to human health . See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. More about the EPBCAct The report notes the importance of biodiversity in addressing climate change, and long-term food security, and concludes that action to protect biodiversity is essential to prevent future pandemics. Local communities with inputs from Interested members of Biodiversity Management Committees (BMCs) Students and teachers from Colleges / High Schools Volunteers from Non – Governmental Organization (NGOs) Knowledgeable individuals … In biodiversity, each species has a major role to play in the ecosystem. The word Biodiversity originates from the Greek word BIOS = LIFE and Latin word DIVERSITAS = VARIETY or DIFFERENCE. Global Level: . Biodiversity at Global, National and Local Levels (explained with diagram)! Video/podcast #3: Which new normal? Ecologists also play a prominent role in researching the conservation, restoration, and use of biodiversity and related ecosystem processes. To be successful, sites forprotected areas need to be carefully chosen,ensuring that all regional ecosystems are wellrepresented.Market tools, such as direct payments for ecosystemservices or transfers of ownership rights to privateindividuals, can provide economic incentives toconserve … We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. The debate regarding the value of. It “includes diversity within species, between species and of ecosystems” in which they live (Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity (2005): Handbook of the Convention on Biological Diversity, 3rd Edition). Biodiversity also provides social benefits. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Conservative estimates of the existing biodiversity is ten million species, but if estimates for insects are correct then it could be around 30 million species, we have till now enlisted about 1.4 million species. Biodiversity is a contraction of biological diversity. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. 821 No notes for slide. Thus biodiversity is widely valued as food pantry, geneticstorehouse for biotechnology and a place to retreat to when weneed to get away from our hectic urban existence.Biodiversity also provides critical indirect benefits to humans thatare difficult to quantify because we have never had to put a pricetag on them. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. 1. Biologists estimate that species extinctions are currently 500–1000 times the normal, or background, rate seen previously in Earth’s history. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. APIdays Paris 2019 - Innovation @ scale, APIs as Digital Factories' New Machi... No public clipboards found for this slide. The disadvantage of Simpson’s index is that it is heavily weighed toward the most abundant species, as are in all dominance indices. 16 17 Customer Code: Creating a Company Customers Love, Be A Great Product Leader (Amplify, Oct 2019), Trillion Dollar Coach Book (Bill Campbell). You can change your ad preferences anytime. CONTENTS 1. But, gradually over the years, there has been a major loss in the biodiversity across the globe. ETC Podcast #2: The Next Agribusiness Takeover . It includes diversity within species (genetic diversity), between species (species diversity), and between ecosystems (ecosystem diversity).. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Conservation of Biodiversity 8. • Biodiversity Provides Economic Benefits which makes it Most important to Humans. Which do you think is preferable?Arguments for protecting biodiversity fall into twocategories:Biodiversity has an intrinsic value that is worth protectingregardless of its value to humans. The importance of each factor varies geographically. The loss of these resources can create the conditions responsible for morbidity or mortality. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. The management of natural resources can determine the baseline health status of a community. The loss of biodiversity will include many species we know today. Introduction 2. The term Biodiversity was first coined by Walter G. Rosen in 1986. The fifth edition of the UN’s Global Biodiversity Outlook report, published by the Convention of Biological Diversity (CBD), provides an authoritative overview of the state of nature worldwide.. All these three values represent the same biodiversity. What is Biodiversity? Biodiversity reflects the number, variety and variability of living organisms. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. PPT OF BIODIVERSITY 1. Threats To Biodiversity: Biodiversity, which literally means “the diversity of life“, refers to the variety of life forms on Earth.This diversity includes all the variations that exist in all levels of biological organization.. Very simply, the term Biodiversity refers to the variety of life: the diversity of all living organisms from the various ecosystems of the planet. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Photosynthesis is important to living organisms because it is the number one source of oxygen in the atmosphere. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. The Importance of Biodiversity to Human Life. The Importance of Biodiversity*Aesthetic and Scientific Value: The value of beautyand scientific discovery cannot be measured, but areextremely important to life on Earth. • Biodiversity is Foundational to human health. On SlideShare. Importance of biodiversityMany biologists who study biodiversity confine themselves to theobjective assessment of ecological processes. 1. ECOLOGICAL AND ECONOMICAL IMPORTANCE OF BIODIVERSITY  Biodiversity is considered a cornerstone to the health of the environment. PBR contributes to Knowledge Flow Significant for Biodiversity Conservation . These are things that ecosystems provide. It is the number of different species of plants, animals, and microorganisms. *Direct Economic Value: Maintaining biodiversityhas a direct economic value to humans. Biodiversity and Conservation for Higher Secondary School Biology - Biodiversity and Conservation is a very important chapter in Biology for 12th standard students of CBSE Board in India. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. This is Important for Biodiversity Conservation . The Ecology, Biodiversity, and Conservation series presents balanced, comprehensive, up-to-date, and critical reviews of selected topics within the sciences of ecology and conservation biology, both botanical and zoological, and both 'pure' and 'applied'. You can change your ad preferences anytime. All these diversities help in maintaining the correct balance of nature. IMPORTANCE OF BIODIVERSITY At least 40 per cent of the world's economy and 80 per cent of the needs of the poor are derived from biological resources. These benefits encompass ecosystem services ,such as air and water … Learning Objectives. 0 From Embeds. Example- Humans, are dependent on photosynthesis, clean water and clean air to survive. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to … The Australian Government has responsibilities for biodiversity conservation through the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (EPBCAct) - the Australian Government's key piece of environmental legislation. Genetic diversity is very important for the preservation of biodiversity and can be saved in several ways. The Importance of Biodiversity Biodiversity is the amount of variety of life on Earth. Some ecologists investigate the effects of different land uses and management practices. Green plants and trees use photosynthesis to make food from sunlight, carbon dioxide, and water in the atmosphere: It is their primary source of energy. It refers to the number of different species belonging to a particular region. Importance of Biodiversity Biodiversity plays a major role in maintaining the ecological balance of the ecosystem. Human Health and Biodiversity. Genetic Biodiversity Species Biodiversity Ecosystem Biodiversity Ecosystem Function Marine Biodiversity Caribbean Diversity Extinctions Threats to Biodiversity Protection & MPA’s. Importance of Biodiversity. Threats to Biodiversity 7. Source: GreenFacts Environmental stewardship can contribute to secure livelihoods and improve the resilience of communities. The whole word BIO DIVERSITY generally therefore means: VARIETY OF LIFE. In addition, the richer the diversity of life, the greater the opportunity for medical discoveries, economic development, and adaptive responses to such new challenges as climate change. This argument focuses on theconservation of all species, even if they are ecologicallyequivalent species.Biodiversity performs a number of ecological services forhumankind that have economic, aesthetic or recreational value.This argument focuses on conserving ecologically nonequivalentspecies since ecologically equivalent ones are redundant interms of services rendered(G. Bell, pers comm).Both points of view (intrinsic and anthropocentric) need not becontradictory, as they serve the same ultimate purpose. Importance of Biodiversity: The existence of living things in an ecosystem and the functioning of the ecosystem contribute to the relevance of biodiversity in nature. Concept of Biodiversity and its types 3. Ecological and economical importance of biodiversity, No public clipboards found for this slide. The UN Convention on Biological Diversity (often referred to as the CBD or Biodiversity Convention) is a legally-binding framework for conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity. By securing the life sustaining goods and services which biodiversity provides to us Benefit Human Health. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Others believethat scientists should comment on the moral, philosophical andpolitical aspects of biodiversity.The first approach risks losing many species of plants andanimals to exploitation or development, whereas the secondleads people to question the impartiality of scientificconclusions. Why is Biodiversity Important? There are many reasons why forests are an important feature for the environment and in our daily lives.They are fundamental life forms and provide for the continuity of the world’s biodiversity which is necessary for economic development, diversity of life forms, human livelihood, and environmental adaptive responses. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Biodiversity of India 9. Threats/Factors • The leading threats to biodiversity are: converting land to agriculture, clearing forests, climate change, pollution, unsustainable harvesting of natural resources, and the introduction of so-called alien species to areas where they are not native. Yet theyoften are considered incompatible because they stem from twovery different philosophies: one which views nature as innatelyvaluable and one that regards it as economically valuable.Both the intrinsic value and the anthropocentric values arepresented in this page. 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